Interest and demand continue to grow for lithium-ion batteries as a replacement for VRLA batteries for UPS applications because of benefits such as smaller size and longer life expectancy. But there are many questions decision makers still have regarding the impact these batteries have on sustainability.
This whitepaper looks at the environmental impact of Lithium-ion batteries over their life cycle, including at the following stages:
- Raw material extraction
- Manufacturing process
- Distribution & transportation
- Installation & handling
- Energy consumption & carbon emissions
- Recycling process