I staffed our booth at the most recent Data Center World, where I spoke with dozens of people ranging from a hyperscale data center head of sustainability to a colo financier, facility operators representing just about every size data center you can think of, and even a few crypto folks.
One thing is still apparent, there are still a lot of misconceptions about natural gas as a clean, reliable fuel source to power an entire data center in emergency situations.
Over a year has passed since winter storm Uri crippled Texas and left most of the state without power. Many of those whom I spoke with pointed to the natural gas supply as the culprit. This was often misreported in the news so who could blame them.
The fact is that our natural gas network is one of the most reliable energy networks in all North America. There is no correlation between the gas pipeline reliability and the electric utility reliability, therefore it is the perfect solution to provide resiliency to critical operations, like data centers.
The underground pipelines were not really affected by the cold. There was enough of a pressure drop from where the line went above ground to where it connects with the giant gas turbines at the utility.
These high-pressure, combine-cycle gas turbines need up to 500PSI to operate, and the drop was significant enough to cause issues. A modular configuration of 450KW gas generators can operate on as little as 5PSI for over a week, if necessary.
One thing Uri did show us is that reliance on renewables such as wind and solar for resilience does not help much when it’s overcast, and the wind does not blow much for over eight days. Iced over roads also made refueling diesel generators impossible. Once standby batteries and fuel tanks were empty, businesses were forced to sit in the dark and cold like everyone else that did not have a natural gas generator.
Speaking of comparing diesel to natural gas, I often heard people stating that because natural gas is a fossil fuel, it is not even being considered as a resiliency option. While, yes, natural gas is a fossil fuel, it is immensely cleaner than diesel when comparing greenhouse gas and carbon emissions.
Gas has zero run time limitations since it is not restricted by fuel tank storage capacity. Natural gas generators are capable of performing like their diesel counterparts, from start to full facility power in under 10 seconds. They can also be a direct drop-in replacement for diesel generators, utilizing the same size footprint.
Natural gas isn’t the future, but a resiliency microgrid featuring natural gas, or even renewable natural gas, gets you several steps closer to a negative carbon position, and certainly to a zero-carbon solution.
One of the things I consistently heard in all my conversations at Data Center World was that everyone has made their ESG goals and zero carbon pledge dates, a lot of data centers are finding better, more sustainable uses for water and heat, but hardly any are looking to move aways from diesel backup generators. Natural gas is a proven, cleaner, cheaper, and more reliable option that is readily available today.
More from Enchanted Rock
John Gould, Chief Revenue Officer at Enchanted Rock speaks to DCD about resiliency solutions being reinvented and how organizations can ensure power resiliency with fully managed, ultra-clean microgrids.
Sponsored Generating momentum: ‘Resiliency-as-a-service’ gas backup generators are not just cleaner than diesel, but often lower cost
As data center operators seek cleaner, more sustainable options, natural gas backup microgrids could improve emissions and cut costs, through revenue-generating market participation programs
A microgrid offers a resiliency solution optimizing investments in backup power while supporting grid stability and increasing penetration of renewable energy assets as Allan Schurr of Enchanted Rock highlights